In-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF) is a fertility treatment that involves getting the eggs from the woman’s ovaries, and fertilizing them with the husband’s sperms outside the body. The resultant embryos will then be transferred back into the woman’s uterus a few days later. In broad, the process involves:
1. Stimulate the growth of follicles by hormone injections. Ultrasound scans will be performed during this period to monitor the growth of the follicles.
2. When the eggs are mature, ovulation trigger will be done by means of an injection and egg retrieval can be arranged.
3. On the day of egg retrieval, the husband has to give a sperm sample for fertilization.
4. When there are embryos available, they will be put back into the woman’s uterus.
Routine antenatal visits aim at assessing the mother’s well-being. At the same time, ultrasound scan of the baby will be performed to check the growth of the baby. This information may be useful in deciding on the mode of delivery of the baby.