Obstetrics Obstetrics


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During the antenatal period, expectant mothers have to undergo regular examinations to ensure the health of the mother and the baby. Mothers also need routine blood tests. Information sheet about antenatal examinations and delivery
This test can be done after 10 weeks of pregnancy to check if the baby is affected by Down’s Syndrome or other common chromosomal abnormalities. This is a non-invasive test that involves taking the mother’s blood.
Routine antenatal visits aim at assessing the mother’s well-being. At the same time, ultrasound scan of the baby will be performed to check the growth of the baby. This information may be useful in deciding on the mode of delivery of the baby.
If there is any doubt about the well-being of the baby, this test can be performed to check for the baby’s heart rate pattern for 20 - 30 minutes. This is usually done in latter part of the pregnancy.
The mother will be screened for the presence of Group B Streptococcus in her body in late pregnancy. A swab is taken in the lower vagina and anus. If the mother is carrying this bacterium, she will need antibiotics during labour to reduce the chance of passing this bacteria to the baby.
If the antenatal period is smooth, it will be a sensible decision for try for a vaginal birth. The mother will recover faster from a vaginal birth than from a Caesarean delivery.
When there are complications during the pregnancy, such as abnormal presentation, big baby, placenta praevia, multiple pregnancy, contracted pelvis etc, Caesarean section may be indicated for delivery of the baby. During the laboring process, fetal distress, excessive vaginal bleeding, prolonged labour etc. may also warrant an emergency delivery by Caesarean section.


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