Caesarean section or Caesarean delivery is the surgical delivery of a baby through a transverse incision on the mother's abdomen and womb. This procedure is necessary when a vaginal delivery is considered unsafe for the mother, or the baby, or both.
A Caesarean delivery may be planned in these situations:
The baby is not in a head-down position;
A low lying placenta;
Previous Caesarean deliveries;
Medical diseases in the mother, such as hypertension;
The baby is too large to be delivered vaginally.
Sometimes, during the laboring process, a decision needs to be made to deliver the baby by emergency Caesarean section if:
Labour fails to progress;
Abnormal fetal heart rate during labour, fetal distress.